The hottest foreign capital has entered China's pa

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At present, the largest pulp project with an annual output of 750000 tons in China has recently been submitted to the relevant state departments for approval and will be invested and built by Thailand shunhecheng group in Shanwei City; The large pulp mill with an annual output of 1.2 million tons is still in the process of applying to the state for approval. This is a project that Indonesia golden light group will invest in Jiangmen City and other places. It seems that Guangdong will become the largest pulp production base in China. The advantage of foreign capital based in Guangdong lies in the implementation of the integration of afforestation and paper production management, so as to enter the Chinese paper market. Why do foreign paper merchants invest and set up factories in China? This needs to attract people's high attention

paper triggered a dumping war

in recent years, in order to occupy China's paper market, Canada, the United States, South Korea and other seven countries have been willing to dump paper to China at a price of 120 to 180 dollars per ton lower than the domestic price, reducing China's paper import price from us $649 per ton to US $350 per ton. Low price dumping has led to a sharp rise in the number of imported paper, which has seriously impacted China's national paper industry. The State Economic and Trade Commission and the Ministry of foreign trade and economic cooperation announced last year that China's customs would impose anti-dumping duties on paper imports originating in Canada, South Korea, the United States and other countries, with tax rates ranging from 9% to 78%

however, since the dumping accusation of Chinese paper against developed countries, foreign paper-making enterprises have been changing their strategies, and have entered the mainland to establish wholly-owned or joint ventures, implement the investment plan of local afforestation and paper production, and seek the integration of forest and paper management, so as to enter the Chinese paper Market. Korean Hansong paper company, once listed as the object of anti-dumping, has built a 120000 ton paper project in Shanghai, and the final investment scale will reach 550000 tons; Abitibi company of Canada, the world's largest paper producer, is seeking investment projects in Fujian. The landing of this paper giant with an annual output of 2.5 million tons in China will have a far-reaching impact on the paper market

it is understood that the domestic demand for paper this year will be about 1.1 million tons. At present, the domestic market is generally balanced between production and demand. The price and quality of domestic paper are at a disadvantage in the market competition. The nine major paper production enterprises in China are stepping up technological transformation, and the 130000 ton paper expansion project of Guangzhou paper mill will also be put into operation within this year. The large-scale invasion of foreign paper manufacturing institutions will occupy a large number of domestic paper markets, and domestic paper enterprises will face severe challenges in the future. It is urgent to shorten the gap with the world in terms of product quality and price

foreign investors forested to seize the market

foreign paper consortia first invested heavily in Guangdong to implement the integration project of forestation and paper making. According to the statistics of Guangdong Provincial Forestry Bureau, eight international consortiums have entered Guangdong forestry in recent years. At present, there are 96 forestry projects using foreign capital in the province, with an afforestation contract amount of $930 million, and 3.3 million mu of fast-growing and high-yield forests have been created. Foreign investors' enthusiasm for afforestation is so high that they realize the integration of forestry and paper management on the premise of optimistic about China's paper Market: local afforestation, local paper making, scale development, and the combination of production and marketing

Indonesia Jinguang group has successively settled in Shaoguan, Qingyuan and other places in recent years, and signed an investment cooperation afforestation agreement with the local forestry department, with a contractual afforestation area of 1.2 million mu; At present, we are applying for a heavier pendulum and repeating the above steps to invest US $1.28 billion to build a 600000 ton wood pulp and paper enterprise in Jiangmen City. According to the deployment of Jinguang group, South China will invest in the construction of large pulp mills with an annual output of more than 2million tons, of which Guangdong will apply for two 600000 ton paper mills, Guangxi 600000 ton paper mills are also under approval, and Hainan 600000 ton pulp project is under construction. The joint venture project of Jinguang group in Zhenjiang has been launched, with an annual production scale of 1.35 million tons of cultural paper. In addition, a number of supporting joint ventures in Jiangsu, Zhejiang and other places have used imported pulp to produce cultural paper since last year. At present, part of the cultural paper produced by Jinguang group in China is sold domestically and part is exported. Even though domestic sales are unprofitable, it is still very optimistic about the prospects of China's paper market

according to foreign experts from Asia Pulp and Paper Co., Ltd., in the process of global economic integration, the realization of forest paper integration is the general trend. The purpose of the combination of forestry and paper is to optimize the allocation of resources. There are a variety of screw cleaners (screw cleaners) in the market, striving to achieve the best economic benefits with the lowest cost

at present, the fast-growing and high-yield forest and paper industry base built by foreign investors has basically achieved the goal of high input and high output. For example, Asia paper has planted 500000 mu of Fast-growing Eucalyptus in Shaoguan, and the average annual tree height is more than 6 meters. Six years after planting, it enters the cutting period, and the output of wood per mu can reach 6 cubic meters, with an average annual output of 2 cubic meters per mu. In contrast, the traditional planting and afforestation of coarse-grained trees in Guangdong province takes more than 10 years, with less than 2 cubic meters of timber per mu and an average annual yield of 0.2 cubic meters per mu. In this way, the income of foreign scientific afforestation is 10 times higher than the output of traditional afforestation

what are the difficulties in the combination of forestry and paper

in the face of the aggressive offensive of international paper giants, the integration of forest and paper in domestic enterprises is a blank. According to the traditional concept of our country, forestry provides wood raw materials and paper mills process and produce them, which also includes the industry division of agriculture and industry. At present, wood production and paper-making enterprises are in trouble, and the prospect is difficult to be optimistic

as "the first province of afforestation and greening of barren mountains in China", Guangdong currently has an average volume of live trees per mu of only 2.3 cubic meters, less than half of the national average; The annual output value of mountains is only 57 yuan per mu, and 4.8 million mu of barren mountains suitable for forestry have appeared in the province. However, forestry farmers whose main income is the production of wood are even more bitter. They have worked hard to manage wood for more than 10 years. After deducting more than 10 taxes, the income per cubic meter of wood is only more than 30 yuan, which dampens the enthusiasm of forestry farmers to cultivate mountains and afforestation, and more and more barren mountains are lost

papermaking enterprises are subject to internal and external attacks, and life will naturally be difficult. On the one hand, imported products have increased unabated, and the market competition is very fierce; On the other hand, the burden on enterprises is heavy, especially the environmental protection cost of treating "three wastes" has increased greatly. It is understood that most of the more than 300 paper-making enterprises in the province are small factories with an annual output of several thousand tons. These enterprises will face the fate of "closing, stopping, merging and transferring" in the future. Only medium-sized enterprises with a capacity of more than 50000 tons can get rid of the plight of losses. With the implementation of the natural forest protection project in China, the timber output in many provinces and regions has been greatly reduced, and the price of paper-making materials has gradually risen, while some paper mills have run out of rice

since both forestry and paper industry are in trouble, why not combine forestry and paper to realize complementary advantages? Insiders said that this is really a big problem, but it is also the development direction of forestry and paper industry. At present, due to the relationship between departmental interests, it is difficult for enterprises and farmers to achieve cross regional and cross industry integration. The only way out is to set up a leading enterprise to drive the integration of forest and paper through leading products. However, the construction of a forest and paper production base requires the support of huge funds, and the investment cycle is long, which makes it difficult to realize the dream of forest and paper integration

in recent years, Guangzhou paper mill has tried to build a forest land for paper production in Qingyuan City while technological transformation and production expansion. However, due to the fact that it takes more than 10 years for the traditionally planted pine trees to become timber, and a large amount of funds are invested in afforestation and tending every year, these experimental paper timber woodlands cannot be popularized in a large area at present, and paper mills still need to purchase a large amount of timber from other provinces. When can China's forestry and paper industry realize the integration of forestry and paper

the integration of forestry and paper benefits the country and the people

at present, China's paper consumption is increasing at a rate of more than 10% per year. It is estimated that the sales volume this year will exceed 40million tons. The paper industry has great market potential, but the paper industry production is difficult

relevant experts believe that the paper industry should be included in the category of national basic industry, and the development of modern paper industry should be promoted to the national development strategy. Modern paper industry is a capital and technology intensive basic raw material industry. Its international sales have exceeded that of steel industry and aerospace industry, and paper industry is an industry with growing market demand, which is expected to become another new economic growth point to promote China's economic development

for the development of forest paper integration, relevant experts put forward the following policy suggestions:

first, support the construction of fast-growing and high-yield forest raw material base in the paper industry in terms of fiscal and tax policies. The relevant departments of the state can give financial resources to forest industry afforestation after the prohibition of natural forest cutting. Users can reinstall the windows system by themselves or ask computer software personnel to set aside part of the funds for the construction of a fast-growing and high-yield forest raw material base in the paper industry. The industrialization of fast-growing and high-yield forests should be driven by the papermaking and forest industry; The state should implement the policy of tax reduction and fee reduction for the paper-making raw materials cultivated in a targeted way. For the wood chips used for paper-making, it should implement the preferential value-added tax reduction and exemption, and encourage the use of wood waste and renewable resources to develop wood chip pulping and papermaking. On the one hand, it protects natural forest resources, on the other hand, it solves the wood raw materials needed for papermaking, so that the ecological environment and the papermaking industry can promote each other and step into a virtuous cycle

second, cultivate a number of internationally competitive forest paper integration group companies. Relevant state departments should focus on supporting the scale development of large-scale paper-making enterprises and strive to achieve the business goal of forest paper integration. The state can inject capital into leading enterprises, or convert the original loans into national capital; For the debt treatment of the merged enterprises, they should enjoy various preferential policies for enterprises in the pilot cities of national capital optimization; Implement the investment preference policy for the group companies integrating forestry and paper, and strengthen the technological transformation; Enterprises integrating forestry and paper can be restructured across regions, and listing and financing in domestic and foreign capital markets are encouraged; Make appropriate adjustments to the foreign investment policy of the paper industry, allow foreign investors to participate in the integrated management of forest and paper in the form of joint ventures and cooperation, and accelerate the structural adjustment of forest and paper

third, establish an investment fund for the afforestation and paper industry. As afforestation and paper making are capital intensive industries, it is difficult to meet the development needs only by relying on the lead halogenated perovskite. Domestic private capital is abundant. The establishment of forest paper integrated industry investment fund can turn scattered and small amount of social idle capital into medium and long-term construction funds. Moreover, the forest paper industry is a national basic industry, especially the total amount of paper industry is short, and the industrial growth potential is huge, It fully conforms to the long-term investment and development strategy of the fund

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